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Rare Goblin Shark Caught in Gulf of Mexico

A photo of a Goblin Shark
A rare goblin shark on the deck of a commercial fishing boat in the Gulf of Mexico, south of Key West, Florida. Photograph by Carl Moore

Commercial fisher Carl Moore wasn’t sure what he had netted last week just south of Key West, Florida (map), when he saw the fish’s flat, blade-like snout. Only after the Georgia angler photographed and released his catch was its identity confirmed: It was a goblin shark, a rare deep-sea shark, and it’s believed to be only the second such specimen ever caught in the Gulf of Mexico.

These sharks are so rarely encountered that any information about them is eagerly devoured by researchers, says John Carlson, a research biologist for the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries Service. After Moore examined his curious catch and took a series of photos of it, he released it back into the ocean and contacted NOAA. Moore’s photos were referred to Carlson, who specializes in sharks and was excited to get more data on this rare one.

“We don’t know how long they live; we don’t know how often they reproduce, or even how big they are when they reproduce,” Carlson says. “They’re a mystery.”

Moore had told NOAA he thought the shark he released was about 18 feet (5.4 meters) long. When Carlson and colleagues analyzed Moore’s photographs, they gauged the length to be more like 15 feet (4.5 meters) long. And they made an educated guess about the shark’s sex.

Carlson says male sharks have external sexual characteristics called claspers, two fin-like appendages near the tail that males use to hold on to females while mating. “From the photographs, we don’t see those, so we’re suspecting it’s a female,” he says.

A photo of a goblin shark
The 15 foot (4.5 meter) long goblin shark on the deck of a commercial fishing boat. Photograph by Carl Moore

Life in the Dark

Moore caught the goblin shark at around 2,000 feet (610 meters) deep. That’s on the shallower end of the average depth range for this species, Carlson says: They’re usually found between 2,000 and 3,000 feet (610 and 914 meters) deep. That makes it one of the deepest occurring species among sharks and their relatives—and many of the shark’s unusual features probably are adaptations to its habitat, he says. (Read about other animals with weird snouts.)

Sharks have a series of sensors in their head called ampullae of Lorenzini, which enable them to pick up the electrical signals of animals around them. The goblin shark’s unusually shaped head may provide an advantage in the gloomy deep, Carlson says, as the distribution of those sensors along the long, flat blade would extend the radius in which the sharks could detect prey. “It’s the same sort of thing with hammerhead sharks,” he says, with the ampullae found along the edge of the animal’s distinctively shaped head.

Once a goblin shark locates its prey, that’s where its needle-like teeth come in. Carlson says the teeth act like knives, impaling and holding on to soft-bodied prey such as fish and squid.

Shrouded in Mystery

The first recorded appearance of a goblin shark in the Gulf of Mexico was fairly recent, in 2000. Before that, the last time anyone reported seeing a goblin shark in the North Atlantic was in the 1970s off the Bahamas, says Carlson.

They’ve been found in the waters off Brazil, French Guiana, Colombia, and the Indo-Pacific, but “probably 80 percent of known records [of these sharks] occur off Japan,” the research biologist says. (See “Rare ‘Prehistoric’ Goblin Shark Caught in Japan.”)

Carlson and colleagues are working on a paper describing this latest goblin shark sighting in the Gulf of Mexico, and are trying to figure out if there are hot spots for this animal around the world. The scientists aren’t sure whether goblin sharks are just more abundant around Japan or if the lopsided sightings are a consequence of uneven sampling by researchers.

To build his knowledge of goblin sharks, Carlson says, he would have loved to have seen the specimen Moore pulled up. But he’s glad that Moore was able to release it alive, to resume its mysterious life in the deep.

Follow Jane J. Lee on Twitter.


  1. gavin camera
    revelstoke B.C
    February 10, 2015, 5:24 pm


  2. stephanie
    October 25, 2014, 12:57 pm

    How about we leave the deep sea critters alone? Maybe ocean pollution is causing them to come up too far.

  3. olatise henry
    July 18, 2014, 10:19 pm

    sharks and most fish are known to blend with their environment ,the brown color doesnt meant the goblin is dead but keeping it out of water for a long while without keeping it wet will make it lose its slime and surely die. even if it doesnt die immediately,it would be prone to infections.Moreover,hanging it upside down would kill it within a short while.

  4. rick
    Austin, Texas
    July 8, 2014, 11:52 am

    cool are there any more

  5. Mercedes
    June 27, 2014, 11:07 am

    Clearly the sharks intestines would have fallen out of his mouth when they put it upside down. The shark is dead, another piece of by-catch.

  6. John Russell
    June 6, 2014, 3:19 am

    The sharks had become so aggressive she had to get out of the water…………
    The Florida Dive boat operators were trying to skirt the regulations. Read about the investigation that led to their arrests. Protect and save sharks and divers. http://chn.ge/1lyxhtG

  7. Shelly Ashley
    Balls Creek NS
    May 27, 2014, 9:13 am

    Ryan Dogfin is right!!!!!!!

  8. Amber G.
    May 16, 2014, 12:46 am

    They said this type of shark is still rare, what’s the color matter? We don’t have all the facts on this type of shark yet. Why accuse this man of killing a rare breed shark? I’m pretty positive if the shark was dead they would have kept it, maybe make money off it, maybe have an article written about them catching the shark in Nat geo. Endless possibilities of what they could have done with the rare shark breed. But instead, he released it. The shark was probably stunned that it got dragged up in a net. Just because a still picture doesn’t show the sharks movements, it doesn’t mean it’s dead.

  9. Isabella kohloff
    May 12, 2014, 6:09 pm


  10. Chelsey Tisdale
    May 11, 2014, 10:20 am

    Recent subscriber to nat geo i love it! & guys lay off hes a fisherman not a shark hunter it was an unintended discovery. on the other hand just furthers my fear of the ocean lol too much unkown too many scary possibilities!!

  11. cheng pingyang
    May 10, 2014, 8:16 am

    i suspect that it is a bad phenomenon that this kind of shark live swallower than before.global warm?less food supplies?a little worried

  12. cheng pingyang
    May 10, 2014, 8:14 am

    there is another world we need to explore,to understand.as for time,cosmos,our planet,we couldnt claim to be giant creatures.and i suspect that it is a bad phenomenon that this kind of shark live swallower than before.global warm?less food supplies?a little worried

  13. Jay
    May 9, 2014, 7:12 pm

    it should be called an Alien shark, or Area 51 Shark, maybe it looks dead in the picture because it never had its picture taken before, and give the fisherman a break, he is hunting shrimp not Goblins.

  14. joe obvious
    May 9, 2014, 7:11 pm

    O/T. Gotta love his little booties. To whether the shark was alive or dead when released th world may never kno. Now if you’ll xcuse me my steak dinner complete with side of baby seal is ready. Ok I jest about the baby seal but the ‘outrage’ over the death of the shark is pathetic considering the number of things killed on your behalf daily, including clothing, food, makeup, etc..

  15. Ryan Dogfin
    Mayo NB
    May 9, 2014, 2:07 pm

    Its just another shark out of the sea big deal.

  16. jamie griffin
    vancouver bc
    May 8, 2014, 11:03 pm

    Yes obviously he released an already dead shark, funny how they kind of covered up that bit.

  17. kayli
    May 8, 2014, 6:06 pm

    THATS one crazy shark,Becuaes you don’t a goblin half shark all the time.

  18. Jesse Miranda
    Broomfield, CO
    May 8, 2014, 10:58 am

    I agree that Shark is long gone. Not only did that idiot hang it upside down ( who wouldn’t that kill?) but he also caught it in a fishing net. So common logic will tell you that the shark was immobile for some part of time which means death for a shark. and sorry but if you caught something that rare. Would you catch and release? I think not.

  19. Tristan
    chicago illinois
    May 7, 2014, 8:20 pm

    this is what I think:
    1.the shark is dead
    2.based on a previous comment from the author of this article there was no pics of the shark being released
    3.sharks are brown after being preserved in alcohol
    4.hanging sharks like that kills them

    its dead.

  20. bushman maclain
    May 7, 2014, 6:13 pm

    illuminati sucks they should stop playing games with us this shark was taken to NOAA

  21. Bob martin
    May 7, 2014, 5:54 pm

    back off. stop getting so mad about thinks. ever hear the saying “if you have nothing nice to say don’t say anything at all.

  22. ad
    May 7, 2014, 3:26 pm

    Yes, a living being that was pulled up from 2000 feet under water is still alive and just swam right back down. Do people hear themselves talk? Do you realize the pressure change involved? The weight of water? Of course, the ones making these comments are the same ones who say hunting and fishing is bad. Why can’t you just buy your meat from the store and not participate in such savagery?

  23. Yash Agrawal
    May 7, 2014, 2:56 pm

    The shark appears dead!!!

  24. ................
    May 7, 2014, 2:39 pm

    no way a GOBLIN SHARK ?! awesome

  25. Lethabo
    South Africa Johannesburg
    May 7, 2014, 12:43 pm

    Strange how it could survive the pressure change.

  26. Cher
    Friday Harbor, WA
    May 7, 2014, 12:25 pm

    I hope “she” did survive… Don’t deep water fish have issues, like the “Bends” when pulled up to sea level… ? From down deep? Their swim bladders?

  27. marcelo
    May 7, 2014, 11:22 am

    Esta buena la foto…pero no entiendo nada de lo que dice… que paso con ese tiburón. .?

  28. samia
    May 7, 2014, 10:55 am

    thats so amazing how they got it

  29. Cody
    May 7, 2014, 8:04 am

    Sharks and Skates are two animals that can survive the massive pressure changes from depths. meaning the shark was probably alive when it came up out of the water.

  30. Milan
    May 7, 2014, 5:48 am

    Cool i just love these animals

  31. Vern
    May 7, 2014, 3:55 am

    They bring Squid up from the very deep and they live. So I think the Shark may have survived this. And for being in a net and drowning doubt it there is water going through the gills from the motion of the net being brought up!

  32. Michael Tudman
    May 6, 2014, 11:51 pm

    This responsible fisherman didn’t have to share this information with anybody, but he chose to record the data and report the interaction with an endangered species. Well done! With that in mind, if it was dead, it is logical to assume that the shark would have been put on ice for the researchers.

  33. John Mays
    May 6, 2014, 10:45 pm

    Don’t act like you know what you’re talking about,if you can’t even spell sharq, or inisint right. Show a little respect for the people who worked so damn hard at getting their facts right, natgeo is not the type of business that would get this stuff wrong.

  34. John Mays
    Cincinnati, OH
    May 6, 2014, 10:38 pm

    First of all, the goblin shark is alive, just because it’s upside down, doesn’t mean that it’s dead. And it does not have ‘bright colors’ when it’s alive, it’s brown. There would be no point in a -2000 foot sea level predator, to be bright colors. And the reason why nobody cares about the shrimp, is because their lives don’t matter as much to us a bigger animal. They don’t have as much of an impact. They don’t know the difference between human and shark. Their is practically no soul leaving this earth, when it dies.

  35. Arthur Smilios
    United States
    May 6, 2014, 9:05 pm

    Why would you post this photo and promote the savagery of fishing? National Geographic seems to be stuck in the Teddy Roosevelt mode of “conservation,” wherein human brutality is presented as civilized. Shame on you. Please, come to the 21st Century.

  36. Fitrah
    May 6, 2014, 9:02 pm

    the proof of alien
    that’s pretty cool

  37. Fitrah
    May 6, 2014, 8:55 pm

    just like from the another planet

  38. Graciela Hernández
    montevideo uruguay
    May 6, 2014, 7:45 pm

    pobrecito me da mucha pena adoro los tiburones al igual que a todos los animales marinos es una lástima que se pesque de esa manera en lugar de continuar sólo con la pesca artesanal o cultivar los peces somos los peores seres que pudo generar la evolución me da mucha vergüenza pertenecer a la especie humana somos capases de los peores crímenes con todo tipo de ser viviente

  39. Joana
    May 6, 2014, 7:41 pm

    I believe they released it back to the water. To those people looking for photos showing the release, sharks aren’t like dolphins, especially that goblin shark. The people who caught it weren’t like some of us who like to take pictures of everything (selfies as examples).

  40. chase
    May 6, 2014, 7:16 pm

    Who is teaching you all to read and write? Lol terrible spelling all over this thread

  41. Mohamed
    May 6, 2014, 6:09 pm

    This whole article is fishy :p pun not intended but seriously, i’m not a marine biologist but that shark looks dead, they release a rare dead shark that we no little about why? Now that would be a story

  42. e pedersen
    May 6, 2014, 4:53 pm

    That looks like it is dead. Released? Really?

  43. Lethabo Gololo
    South Africa Johannesburg
    May 6, 2014, 4:28 pm

    Seeing animals in captivity or being killed just pains me.everyone is concerned about the goblin shark but not the shrimps, why are thy of less important.

  44. Titus Thornber
    May 6, 2014, 3:32 pm

    Looks dead hanging limply. Would shark suffocate to death in a shrimp net? With the late annoucement of the find, the ‘released it back’ story sounds like a cover to keep the shark; stuff and preserve it. Sell it on perhaps?

  45. Ursula
    May 6, 2014, 3:11 pm

    This article states the shark was very alive when it was released!


  46. W.Rodger Enfinger
    Pensacola, Fl.
    May 6, 2014, 2:29 pm

    It’s amazing how many people believe that this Fisherman is lying. I choose to believe He or She Love what they do and are Faithful Stewarts of their craft; I Still have Faith that there are some of us that choose the Moral High Ground and I’m definitely not ashamed that I’m eating Shrimp & Grits for lunch. Hell Yea.!

  47. Rohan Pokhriyal
    May 6, 2014, 2:15 pm

    Living goblin sharks are a pinkish white color with bluish fins. Specimens fade and become brownish when preserved in alcohol. That shark was long dead.

  48. Dr. Muhammad Al Rashed
    May 6, 2014, 2:00 pm

    Since this Sharq is already dead it should be preserved for further studies on this unique specie. Additionally, extensive search on the same vicinity should be conducted.

  49. Jane J. Lee
    May 6, 2014, 1:57 pm

    @Karen H.

    I’m not sure if there are pictures of the shark being released back into the ocean. I’ve only seen a couple of the pictures that the NOAA researcher sent over, and none of them show the goblin shark back in the water.

  50. Carl Sagan
    May 6, 2014, 1:37 pm

    I agree with many of you about the status of this shark: It’s dead, even before reaching the deck of the boat. Even if it could be alive for 1 or 3 minutes. The fisherman intentions maybe were good. He tried to release the shark on time. We can not be sure about it

  51. charles bush
    perry country
    May 6, 2014, 1:31 pm

    that shark is weired

  52. dan
    May 6, 2014, 1:10 pm

    …and that thing it a crazy looking fish! can’t wait to show pics to my g/f and freak her out!

  53. dan
    May 6, 2014, 1:09 pm

    y’all act you’re marine biologists hahahaha….if it died they would probably keep it don’t you think???

  54. Rodrigo Vargas
    Costa Rica
    May 6, 2014, 12:44 pm

    It was caught in a shrimp boat, isn’t? That shark is really amazing and unique.

  55. Ernesto uribe
    May 6, 2014, 11:41 am

    Kill it with fire

  56. suz
    May 6, 2014, 11:36 am

    The goblin Shark is dead.

  57. Karen H.
    May 6, 2014, 11:35 am

    Jane- Please, are there any photos of this shark being released back into the ocean? Thank you.

  58. Ela Rand
    San Francisco
    May 6, 2014, 10:58 am

    This shark is clearly dead and was not released alive.

  59. anneli valgma
    May 6, 2014, 10:57 am

    This shark is not alive, why release a dead fish?

  60. becca
    May 6, 2014, 10:32 am

    why do people kill inisint marine life?

  61. Rocky chaudhry
    May 6, 2014, 10:23 am

    love to see rare creatures .I hope this shark made it .

  62. jose mendoza
    May 6, 2014, 10:08 am

    I think is dead

  63. Tami
    May 6, 2014, 9:47 am

    I am curious what the implications are of bringing the shark from 2000 ft to the surface and then leaving it on deck long enough for staging and photos. Is it possible that it could survive those pressure changes and return to depth?

  64. Jane J. Lee
    United States
    May 6, 2014, 9:45 am

    I’m not sure why this particular goblin shark looks more brown than pink. NOAA researcher John Carlson did mention that they’re usually pink.

    As for barotrauma, I asked about that. Carlson said that since goblin sharks don’t have swim bladders, that’s one less thing to worry about re getting pulled up from the depths too quickly.

    He said the fisher (Moore) described the shark as being very active on deck. Moore wanted to measure the shark, but because it was moving around so much and the teeth looked pretty scary, he didn’t want to approach the animal.

  65. Karlos
    Costa Rica
    May 6, 2014, 9:17 am

    After being brought up from that depth, do you really think it could survive? No way.

  66. Al Espina
    May 6, 2014, 8:19 am

    It looks like the Kaijus from Pacific Rim, so cool !!!

  67. isis
    May 6, 2014, 8:11 am

    Derek: This is an awesome educational article about a rare creature, if you didn’t see that or couldn’t appreciate it, that’s fine, but unless you are a true vegan that do not eat any type of meat and meat byproducts and you can attest that you do not have ANYTHING made out of leather, such as shoes, belts, jackets, furniture, car interiors, ect, or any clothing or blankets made out of wool or silk, or even feather pillows for that matter…. your comment meant nothing.

  68. Sadi Hamm
    May 6, 2014, 7:31 am

    Was wondering why it’s drown and not pinkish like the other pictures I’ve seen or like the description says.

  69. Elaine
    May 6, 2014, 7:27 am

    It looks dead to me!

  70. rachel
    May 6, 2014, 7:18 am

    The “unnecessary deaths” of the marine life on the deck of the boat is more then likely going to be kept for consumers being that its a shrimp boat and all.

  71. Gem Dorjiee
    May 6, 2014, 6:33 am

    For me the shark does not seem to b alive … I don’t know if releasing a dead shark is smart … If it was dead it would have been valuable to scientist if it was not returned back into the water … In the second pic the shark looks pretty injured

  72. bigoneblessing
    May 6, 2014, 6:16 am

    it was very good of that fishermen to return the fish alive

  73. Cynthia
    May 6, 2014, 6:12 am

    @Derek. Yes. it was the first thing I noticed. Plus, they say he returned the shark to the ocean but that shark does not look very alive to me.

  74. biodude
    United States
    May 6, 2014, 5:47 am

    any chance this is just a genetically different hammerhead, a mutant of some kind. Is it already decomposed?

  75. Luka
    May 6, 2014, 5:37 am

    Nice boots

  76. Katarzyna Petryszak
    May 6, 2014, 5:31 am

    Deep ocean animals will day anyway because of decompression:/ We should let them live

  77. Carl
    New Zealand
    May 6, 2014, 4:17 am

    The shark will already be dead, they should of took it back with them.

  78. monilibik
    May 6, 2014, 4:15 am

    szörnyű micsoda mészárlás nagyon elítélem ! :((( de az oldal szuper sokat tanulok belőle 🙂

  79. Erica
    New Jersey
    May 6, 2014, 4:12 am

    That shark looks hairy, doesn’t it?!?!

  80. MohMiro
    May 6, 2014, 4:03 am

    I guess others would have been thrilled to keep the price and yet others burning with anger for not having the opportunity to study more about this magnificent creature, hehehehe

  81. Art Hodges
    May 6, 2014, 2:11 am

    It seems very unlikely that the shark would survive the barotrauma of being pulled up from a depth of 2000 feet.

  82. Bilal
    May 6, 2014, 1:47 am

    It’s a wonderful effort to catch this fish.

  83. Steve
    May 5, 2014, 11:21 pm

    Maty don’t call Derek a dummy. It ‘s they are shrimp, not there shrimp.

  84. Ragin' Redneck
    Biloxi MS.
    May 5, 2014, 10:05 pm

    I’m thinkin’ it’s time to put together a PETA demonstration ! I wonder how that guy would like being dragged behind a boat trapped in a net ! Them poor shrimps and things all dead now ! Let’s all put on our DEM suits and PROTEST !! This guy would be much happier if he sold that boat and everything and just split that money up with us Po’ Folks !

  85. Sarah Dowdy
    May 5, 2014, 9:04 pm

    Man those things are ugly… Cool, but ugly

  86. jayden
    glen cove, ny
    May 5, 2014, 8:50 pm

    that picture is scary to look at

  87. Kay raye
    May 5, 2014, 8:24 pm

    Derek– no I did not

  88. Jennifer McDonald
    United States
    May 5, 2014, 7:15 pm

    So glad they released it. If it is so rare, each individual is important to the survival of the overall species.

  89. jonah
    May 5, 2014, 6:47 pm

    cool shark its good they were able to return it to the ocean

  90. maty
    May 5, 2014, 5:29 pm

    there shrimp you dummy!! its a shrimp boat

  91. Celeste
    May 5, 2014, 5:07 pm

    Pretty neat!

  92. eugene
    bucks county PA
    May 5, 2014, 3:53 pm

    keep up the good work it is very educational

  93. Derek
    May 5, 2014, 3:46 pm

    anyone else notice the unnecessary death of other marine life on the deck of the boat??

  94. Richard J. Kajuth
    Pittsburgh, PA
    May 5, 2014, 2:53 pm

    It is heartening to know that this commercial fisherman was caring and responsible enough to return this rare creature alive to its home and document its features so others may study it.