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Watch Stunning First Simulation of Universe’s 13-Billion-Year Evolution

An early universe simulation
An early universe simulation shows dark matter (left) transitioning to gas (right).
Credit: Illustris Collaboration

Everyone loves cartoons, even cosmologists. They just call them simulations.

Now, one of the great triumphs of modern cosmology—our understanding of how the universe evolved its kaleidoscope of stars, worlds, and galaxies—has been visualized in its first realistic simulation:

“Until now, no single simulation was able to reproduce the universe on both large and small scales simultaneously,” Mark Vogelsberger of MIT and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, who led the simulation team, says in a statement. Using a computer program, the team grew the virtual galaxies in simulated time, starting from 12 million years after the big bang (which kicked off about 13.8 billion years ago), they report in a study released this week by the journal Nature.

Named Illustris, the simulation built its universe out of 10 billion tiny cubes stuffed inside a virtual box measuring some 350 million light-years on each side.

Stuffed inside those cubes was simulated cosmological gas, which cooled, compressed, and formed filaments of galaxies that resemble ones seen today. As it evolved, its early cosmos resembled the real one, which is filled with small, energetic galaxies revealed by Hubble Space Telescope observations.

“If this all sounds somewhat complicated, do not be fooled: It is extremely complicated,” University of Maryland astronomer Michael Boylan-Kolchin, says in a commentary accompanying the study.

The simulation still has a way to go, Boylan-Kolchin adds, since it does not produce the biggest of black holes seen in the early universe or the dwarf galaxies that circle the Milky Way today. But thanks to the simulation, he says in the commentary, “creating a realistic virtual Universe of gas, stars, black holes and dark matter is already a reality. ”

Follow Dan Vergano on Twitter.


  1. Anacaren
    May 24, 2014, 11:09 pm

    I’m with you on that one,#prettygirl101.

  2. #prettygirl101
    May 22, 2014, 10:31 pm

    It doesn’t bother me,its just what I like.It doesn’t bother me AT ALL!!

  3. #prettygirl101
    May 21, 2014, 10:44 pm

    I have to make a confession,I like opinions,more than I do people trying to find NEGATIVE evidence.

  4. Rag. Over.
    May 16, 2014, 9:15 pm

    Big Bang is Big Baloney.
    Science badly needs a better story; From ‘Hydrogen to Human’ is not science but a fairy tale.
    T.O.E, is a symptom of extreme arrogance.

  5. Aldo Marra
    May 16, 2014, 9:45 am

    Do images from NASA’s COBE satellite, along with images from the pages of National Geographic, hint at the existence of God?

    I respectfully submit for your consideration the culmination of 22 years of research:



  6. PeriSoft
    May 15, 2014, 10:36 pm

    Another poster wrote:

    “The truth is, we only use 10% of our brains”

    Given a brief perusal of this thread, I’d say you’re being wildly optimistic.

  7. Simiyu
    May 14, 2014, 5:23 am

    Dark Energy/Matter account for 96.4% of matter as recently surveyed from the CMB. Ordinary energy/matter account for just 4.6%.

    Assuming a dynamic equilibrium between the materialization of ordinary energy/matter from dark energy/matter, and the de-materialization of ordinary energy/matter into dark energy/matter, then, it would seem that de-materialization is predominant or that dark energy/matter are the more preferred states, so far.

    Further, the amount of dark energy is almost as much as three times the equivalent of dark matter surveyed. On the premise of speculation, it just may be that dark energy is the most preferred state of any, accounting for a whooping 71.4% of the universe, and that just may explain why the expansion of the universe is constantly accelerating! Into Dark Energy?

    Disclaimer; The preceding statements are not calculated to state anything of any scientific or other significance. They purely meant to be an astronomical pun, or a play of words, which should be deemed to be neither useful (nor useless) for any particular purpose as the case may be.

  8. David Thomson
    United States
    May 12, 2014, 11:03 am

    When physical units, constants, and dimensions are thoroughly examined, it becomes blatantly obvious that there are major mistakes in what is considered to be mainstream physics.

    Analyzing the constants we can see there are two different types of charges, magnetic and electrostatic, and not just the electrostatic (elementary) charge. We can also see that all charge should always be notated as distributed (squared) relative to mass. Fixing these two errors allows for an easy unification of the fundamental forces using simple force laws.

    A further analysis shows that physical matter arises from non-material causes. Even stranger, the non-material causes arise from a primary type of force that best can be described as “Will.”

    And when the forces and their interaction with matter are examined we can see that there is, indeed, dark matter, and that dark matter continually converts to visible matter and visible matter continually collapses back to dark matter. The process of creating matter and destroying it takes from 13 billion to 19 billion years.

    The Universe was not created from an infinitely small point, it always has been and always will be. The Universe is constantly turning over like a large boiling cauldron. It is driven by the primary force. This primary force has a value of 1.21 x 10^44 newton per quantum of space. It pervades and drives the entire Universe. Something with near infinite force, that pervades the entire Universe, and constantly keeps it going fits the description of what some people call “God. ”

    It may not be the Jewish version of God, or the Muslim version of God, or the Vedic version of God, or the Aboriginal version of God, but it does provide a solid foundation for those perceptions of God. There really is a Creative Force that also maintains the Universe and we can see it clearly in physics if we have the right paradigm to view it with.

  9. Thebraveatheist
    Portland, OR
    May 12, 2014, 4:47 am

    Can we PLEASE get something other than an unprovable impotent God story from the people that have been proven to lack the intelligence to believe in science? http://www.hitchens67.wordpress.com. Enter if you have the guts to give something other than the Cye Ten Bruggencate bullcrap answer. Tell me where your god originates because you people seem to love to state that the universe can’t come from nothing. What about your Bronze-Age myth!

  10. Ayazimam
    May 11, 2014, 11:09 pm

    you people have been trying your level best to go through the all parts of the nature in each angels but i also appreciate you a lot for your great job to spread the awareness of knowledge all over the world but i just wont be the supporter of this theory which has been hypothesised by the scientist………..

  11. Novo Bob
    New Zealand
    May 11, 2014, 8:11 pm

    We cannot prove or disprove there is a god,
    The bible was written by man and religion has created many variations of the bible and gods, the bible is incomprehensible gobblity gook and designed to answer questions without substantative research. We have all evolved over 40,000 generations to the species we are today along with everything else in nature on earth. Evolution is a process in nature for the preservation of species through different environments, the time period for humans to comprehend this is too immense so we have made up things to explain what we dont understand without research. We dont know what we dont know just because we don’t understand it does not mean we immediately put this down to god. We need to keep challenging oursleves and our beliefs constantly with open minds to truely understand who we are and our origins of us and the universe.

  12. Amy
    May 11, 2014, 7:36 pm

    I respect the simulation, but I think science and physics may be a bit beyond it’s usefulness in such endeavors. Time is not linear. Yes, we age, but that is an organic process that occurs over the course of many revolutions. Our revolutions refer to Our Sun…an individual star perhaps as unique as a snowflake. Perhaps Earth years cannot be assumed to exist before the Earth or Sun system existed. If this is the evolution of the Universe, where are it’s parents? What came before it? What comes after it – more infinite empty linear time? That’s not useful. I think it’s better to say, “Ok, here are Earth’s elements and here is what we see in our night sky, where does our Earth home go from here – land, sea, Moon, Mars. It’s a giant treehouse.” Measurement only has meaning in comparison…an inch does not exist unless two inches also exists. Perhaps our Earth Year is a measurement which leads to completely different conclusions than a Kepler-169f year. Consider beings in existence so much differently evolved than ourselves that they are able to hide themselves from our technology. Consider the possibility of an intergalactic law ALREADY in existence protecting us from being used or consumed by other more intelligent beings. This is not to disrespect ourselves, but it’s probably more interesting to imagine an infinite Earth life, rather than a finite Universal life, and work within those boundaries. You should perfect a simulation of the Solar System first. That may be all you can do for the time being, anyway. Once we can stand at the edge of the Solar System, then we can say, ok, “Now the galaxy.” (thank you for the permission to comment on the article.)

  13. marko
    ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    May 11, 2014, 2:40 am

    The truth is, we only use 10% of our brains and we are limited to only 5 senses to experience our physical world….I bet there’s more to it than meets the eye

  14. Rahmat Kurniady
    May 11, 2014, 12:17 am

    Alloh knows & we know nothing, let’s keep seeking the truth by “praying” to the Creator to show us the right path and the least small knowledge of the universe. I believe we wouldn’t have much ⌚ to figure everything out there :]

  15. Zap to the Future
    Boston, MA
    May 10, 2014, 10:24 pm

    Take this complex computer simulation of an evolving universe to its logical conclusion. With quantum processors that are sure to be perfected we will eventually accomplish some incredible things, like run computer simulated universes that are indistinguishable from our own “real” universe, even complete with simulated minds. Some new books out that discuss the mind boggling implications of all of this (such as, “The Evolution of Simulated Universes”). We are truly on the verge of a technological revolution.

  16. Joe Stitzel
    bc MI usa
    May 10, 2014, 9:38 pm

    God created Everything. He is in the details of Everything. where ever you go, in mind, spirit, heart, space, quark of quantums to outer space and sprockets, to separating soul and spirit, God has already been there ! Faith is God’s mindful mechanism in a material world for salvation, for death had been absolute but in Gods perspective, there is no justice when laws are absolute, so his son came to die, to overcome that for sake of Life as we mortal men cannot overcome, achieve on our own. This consolation of what he has done for us, delivers Joy to the soul.
    We don’t have souls, we are souls, we have bodies. And in being with God, not merely a psycological state of mind But an inner tranquility based on peace with God–the peaceful state of those whos sins are forgiven. God transcends all understanding. Philippians 4: 8-9..

  17. No Namer
    May 10, 2014, 8:04 pm

    all of you would be surprised as to how close the answer is but how far away it extends itself.

    -The One

  18. Trilby
    Oregon, USA
    May 10, 2014, 7:56 pm

    @ Victor Nunnally Using this type of simulation for humanity’s benefit (other than satisfying our insatiable curiosity) is an excellent idea.

    The Illustris website states they used a “state of the art numerical code and a comprehensive physical model” to achieve this simulation. Using comprehensive data in this kind of format, it seems to me that multiple experiments and scenarios could be conducted to predict outcomes and solve real-world problems.

    This simulation, even though it does not yet accurately reflect our observable universe, is very promising as a tool. I, too, was hoping to see the simulation’s progression of the future universe.

  19. Peter Nakov
    May 10, 2014, 3:58 pm

    The more i watch similar videos,the more i am lost.In fact it is too complicate for a human being to accept the laws of nature because always there will be WHY.The WHY drives us crazy.The WHY is pulling us to progress.But there are too many WHYs.Let’s look in another perspective,shell we?We all know that sometimes the simplest answer is the right answer no matter how easy that answer it is.I am not going to use the OBVIOUS answer since we simply don’t know it.So my theory is that every single thing in the universe as we know it or don’t exists thanks to the force of the Nature.It is the nature that rules us and gives everything.We live by its laws and die by them,even that die is probably not the right word.We are trying to understand it laws,how they work,WHY they work but these are not the right questions to ask.What we should be asking ourselves really is not what was like The Big Bang and how it affected the entire universe but WHY the Nature decided to give us everything?I am not talking about God or some kind of supreme creature,i am talking about purpose,meaning of existence.Not just us the humans but the hole thing.When we get this answer than we will understand how it works.

  20. Filip
    May 10, 2014, 2:09 pm

    Just to clarify a few things, if I may:
    “I agree with running simulations to learn how they differ from our theories”
    Simulations aren’t run to learn how they differ from our theories, they are *predictions* of our theories obtained with the help of a computer – and as such they can be compared to what we observed about reality. If simulations differed from observation, that would mean that our theories are wrong; but here we have a stunning resemblance, which gives us great confidence that our theories are essentially correct.

    “I believe God created the universe from nothing.”
    Since God is *something*, that makes him a part of the universe (or multiverse), so what you’re really saying is that you believe that universe (in the form of a complicated being u call God) either already existed (and has, perhaps) always existed, or, indeed, just spawned into existance, from nothing. And then it somehow created our universe.
    Nice story, but why should we believe it? It is equally possible that our universe came into existence without God, maybe from nothing, maybe from another universe, or maybe it simply always existed.

    “Parts of this simulation are false. The universe did not come from a “big bang,” if there was a big bang and nothing existed, how did the explosion start and why aren’t the galaxies, planets, and stars still moving away from each other since resistance does not exist in space,and the universe is not billions of years old.”
    First, this simulation doesn’t start with the Big Bang at all. Second, this simulation is not a story, it’s neither true or false – it’s a prediction of our theories that happens to mach what we observed about the universe, thus vindicating our theories.
    Finally, galaxies *are* still moving away from each other – that’s why we think there was a big bang!
    The universe (well, our universe) is about 13.8 billion years old according to measurement, and so far we have very good reasons to think this number is correct.

  21. Hozan K. Rashid
    Kurdistan region/ Iraq
    May 10, 2014, 1:00 pm

    I just wonder how can something be that clever to build the whole universe and he exit from nothing… I think if we said that universe is made itself from nothing is more realistic. And also I think the universe is much more bigger than someone created it, just to know either people on planet earth will pray for him or not….
    good job and thank you all scientists for creating this amazing Simulation… 🙂
    finally I think humanity need a partner to work with. scientists should search for other civilizations in the universe, to find out what their Einstein said about the universe. 😀

  22. Redmond Jennings
    United States
    May 10, 2014, 12:51 pm

    Justin Tolin,

    “if there was a big bang and nothing existed, how did the explosion start”

    Justin, wisdom begins with knowing what you are arguing against. No one claims that “nothing existed.”

    “and why aren’t the galaxies, planets, and stars still moving away from each other”

    They are.

    “since resistance does not exist in space,”

    There’s this relatively new theory called gravity.

    “and the universe is not billions of years old.”

    If you say so.

  23. Rudy
    San Luis Obispo
    May 10, 2014, 11:15 am

    Facts will not persuade someone of “faith” of anything. “Faith” is belief in something not requiring facts but internal feelings and desires, such as salvation, eternal life, etc. ignoring

  24. Greg M
    May 10, 2014, 11:07 am

    The more an individual criticizes science of observation and search for truth the more one only demonstrates their lack of faith and fail to appreciate the persuit of truth if you truly believe.
    I agree with running simulations to learn how they differ from our theories, but considering we cannot predict weather for even a few weeks (which likely has fewer variables) should humble any degree that the model is only a small step towards a richer truth of our existance.

  25. Kenny D.
    May 10, 2014, 10:02 am

    The Genesis creation account IS the STORY of the Big Bang and evolution. Like the parables used by Jesus it is not to be taken literally, but figuratively. Like the parables of Jesus it takes very complex truths and puts them in contexts that people can understand. The truth is the Big Bang proves the central claim of the Genesis creation account which states there was a time before the Universe and a single moment in which creation began. The 6 days of creation speak to the evolving nature of creation/the universe. Science and faith are NOT mutually exclusive. Use the mind, the intellect and curiosity that God gave you.

  26. Lank Bork
    May 10, 2014, 9:11 am

    Pythagoras of Samos, remarkably stated : “Infinite plus Zero equals one”, or if you want it expressed with an equation : ∞+0=1

  27. Teresa
    May 10, 2014, 8:42 am

    I always am taken aback that often people who have an opinion and it is opposite someone else’s assume the other is shoving their opinion down their throat. Opinion is just that, opinion. So take it or leave it. No one shoves an opinion down anyone’s throat unless you are so bothered by it you seem to choke on it. Which in my opinion means you are struggling with both opinions and are having difficulty with both. I would think a wise thing to do is to leave your mind open and continue to investigate. Relax Jason and open your mind to real thoughtful investigation. No one is forcing you to decide. We don’t even know you.

  28. cheng pingyang
    May 10, 2014, 8:23 am


  29. Manabu TASHIRO
    Sendai, Japan
    May 10, 2014, 8:03 am

    These structures really look like neurons in the brain of, perhaps, God almighty(?). Really looking like a biological image of cells inter-connecting with each other.

  30. Alina A.
    May 10, 2014, 7:23 am

    from Nothing Can NOT BE SOMETHING.

  31. Soliman Soliman
    May 10, 2014, 7:12 am

    I believe God created the universe from nothing. How He did that is a mystery that may not be easily or may never be solved by man. He had an infinite time to think about it and plan it and I believe He did plan it very well. Saturn’s rings are not a coincidence. Neither is the position of the Earth. Neither is our existence among a Universe which is void of any other life forms. The Dinosaurs did exist but they were not as old as scientists would have us believe. God did not create the heavens and the earth in 6 literal 24 hour days but over a long period of time perhaps millions or billions of years. He then turned His attention to the Earth over 6 creative epochs referred to as ‘days’ in the Bible. Human history is only about 6000 years. Ancient civilisations and races of men on earth started after the flood of Noah and sprang from his three sons and their wives namely the Europeans, the Asians and the Africans.

  32. jayant
    May 10, 2014, 6:48 am

    I want to ask from those scientists, how may bigbangs occured. what is the guarantee that another bigbang is not creating another world. Our Earth is alone in the universe so in the unverse of bigbang particle there may be many bigbang particles which exploded, exploding and will be exploded, who knows. God knows.

  33. amanda
    merseyside UK
    May 10, 2014, 6:13 am

    I see no difference in this – It (Big Bang Theory) merely states that all the space, energy, matter, and time that we now see as the universe existed as a singularity which then exploded and freed everything to assume its current state. (What made the singularity?)

    And this – Actually, the bible version is the only fable in which everthing springs from nothing. There was nothing, then god appeared (from who knows where), said “let there be everything” and everything appeared.

    Both science & Religion hit a wall….if the Big Bang exploded the universe into being what made the big bang bang? Ie what came before
    If God made the universe, who made God???

    I once watched a documentary in which Stepehn Hawking said I like to the think the universe just spontaneously came into being???? (What like magic???? Wt?????)

    Sorry to OP writing this on tiny blackberry keys & forgot to take note of your name.

    The What Came Before thing can meld your brain……its unfathomable, unanswerable.

  34. isacsanthakumar
    May 10, 2014, 6:08 am

    All the above theories are not comprehencible to the obscurandists now.It will take some time to know about it.Our history taught us.The misfaiths are gradually being replaced with science and the facts..Thanks for the new theories of Big Crunch.

  35. TJ Pruitt
    St. Louis, MO
    May 10, 2014, 5:03 am

    Jason from Australia, why is it you feel that only the opinions of “religious people” are being shoved down your throat? Surely you don’t agree with every one of the several other conflicting opinions in this comment thread, yet you don’t feel any of them are threatening you. I didn’t read one sentence that said, “You MUST agree that God created the universe or else!” Every person has a right to offer his or her own opinions, and that’s what we’re doing here. No one is standing behind you with a gun to your head. Relax.

    In my humble opinion, God created the heavens and the earth. He also gave us the curiosity and intelligence to unravel some of the mysteries of our world, and to theorize about those we’re not sure of yet. We will never stop searching, and we will never know it all. But we will always stand amazed.

  36. Swen Sjölin
    May 10, 2014, 4:11 am

    Yes Miguel, the human brain is the product of the evolution. Our brain is the filter of everything we do, feel etc. And it is made thru evolution to let us survive on earth not to understand the Cosmos! Our brain hinders us to understand the thing-in-itself to use Kant´s words. We dont know more abt thing-in-itself than the frog does. Simply cause our brains are not made to understand it! Our brains are developed to survive on Tellus, nothing else!

  37. ian
    May 10, 2014, 2:00 am

    Simple question: Did they located the center of the big bang explosion? or arguably.. the cradle of universe?

  38. andy
    central sierra
    May 10, 2014, 1:39 am

    interestin.. only if “big bang” is true & truth.. nothing comes from nothing, something comes from something.. then sempiternal~ cosmos.. for now there goes my headache.. lol 😉

  39. Jeroldine Kirkland
    United States
    May 10, 2014, 1:35 am

    Got a question. If Adam & Eve were supposed to be the first people, who were their sons wives parents? Apparently, there were other “firsts” out there. Just wondering!

  40. Juan Carlos Hidalgo
    May 10, 2014, 1:28 am

    Sooooo… all these scientists, programmers, mathematitians and engineers come together to create this super complex and extraordinary simulation, expecting laymen to be in awe and applaud their great wisdom, just to say that the very thing they spend so much time, effort and mindpower in simulating happened by CHANCE.


    It only prooves the opposite. 😉 Cheers!

  41. Odirile Molaolwa
    May 10, 2014, 1:10 am

    Its very interesting that all atheists always comment on issues that pertains to Christianity because with other faiths there will be consequences. Yes God created everything that ever was created. Not believing it won’t change it. Jesus saw it all if you don’t belief it keep quite nobody forces anybody to believe.

  42. Jack Epley
    May 9, 2014, 2:53 pm

    Justin Tolin
    May 8, 2:33 pm

    “Parts of this simulation are false. The universe did not come from a “big bang,” if there was a big bang and nothing existed, how did the explosion start”

    The big bang theory does not state that there was nothing, then an explosion from which everything sprang into being. It merely states that all the space, energy, matter, and time that we now see as the universe existed as a singularity which then exploded and freed everything to assume its current state.

    Actually, the bible version is the only fable in which everthing springs from nothing. There was nothing, then god appeared (from who knows where), said “let there be everything” and everything appeared.

  43. Vladimir Chernov
    Montreal, Quebec
    May 9, 2014, 2:49 pm

    I think the real question is not what’s out there, but what’s in here. The human race has a major problem and it’s called curiosity. We are so curious about the unknown that we forget the known.

    As humans we tempt to look for reasons why we are here and what’s hidden from us. Through our life we keep on looking for the secret. Either it’s called god, magic, or any other word used to describe the superior force.

    What we forget is that this magic, god, etc. is only found between a connection that causes mutual progress. That’s the formula for love (resumed).

    So, all I want to say is instead of escaping all the time from the real problem, like for example looking for the solution in the space or in the micro-organic world, we should see the world in our level and try, at least try, to help out others and make the world better and if there’s free time left then look for other things,
    but I think people are not conscious of the real problems here.

    Vladimir Chernov

  44. Hans B
    San Francisco
    May 9, 2014, 12:24 pm

    @Justin Tolin “…everything is just too complex and too In order, such as how everything is made for it’s specific needs, to have come by mere chance and circumstance.”

    You have it backwards – things are complex and well suited for specific needs because they have evolved that way. Things that are poorly suited for their environment die off.

    Religion is faith (vs reason) – in other words – belief in something regardless of fact. Religion starts with a belief system and shoehorns everything into that mystical framework. A discussion with someone who tries to disguise faith as reason is not going to be fruitful.

  45. Victor Nunnally
    Wilmington, NC
    May 9, 2014, 10:35 am

    I wonder what other computer programs MIT can produce that would benefit humanity such as world population and the effects by 2100. Perhaps with this universe simulation science can figure out quicker space travel…or alien life. Does this simulation show the end effect?

  46. Don Johnson
    May 9, 2014, 8:02 am

    This isn’t a guess guys. Please take a few moments to imagine that if He wanted to create the world it would have a beginning and certain laws in place to allow for all that is IE: E=Mc2. Do not take the Bible so literaly as it was created at a time before we understood the nature of things.

    In the language of science, the word “theory” is used to describe an explanation of why and how things happen. For gravity, we use Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity to explain why things fall.

  47. Beliber
    Denmark, EU
    May 9, 2014, 4:07 am

    Justin Tolin:
    “The universe did not come from a “big bang,” if there was a big bang and nothing existed, how did the explosion start and why aren’t the galaxies, planets, and stars still moving away from each other since resistance does not exist in space,and the universe is not billions of years old.”

    But Justin, everything in the universe IS moving away from each other. This is basic cosmology. Try google-ing “Redshift” and read the Wikipedia article.
    Love – Belieber

  48. Jason
    May 9, 2014, 3:14 am

    Why do you religious people ALWAYS have to try and shove your opinions down the throats of others? Justin Tolin, you say why are we treating theories as fact, yet you show us NO theories, no hard evidence, nothing that withstands scrutiny, about your so called ‘god’. And yet you treat THAT as fact?? Can you not see how ridiculous you look?

  49. Bob Yamartino
    Portland, Maine
    May 8, 2014, 10:48 pm

    Very interesting and exciting simulation, but I’m wondering what you assumed for the laws of physics governing the creation of and dynamics of dark matter and dark energy? I guess I must have missed taking this course. Thanks!

  50. J R Zapata
    May 8, 2014, 7:03 pm

    God created every thing and science is “discovering” it.

  51. Dwayne LaGrou
    Lapeer, Michigan
    May 8, 2014, 6:46 pm

    I still cannot believe that there are still people that do not acknowledge facts that prove that the Earth IS billions of years old and that we and every other species of this planet have all evolved over those years. Science and God are not mutually exclusive. Just because you believe in one doesn’t mean you can’t also believe in the other. Who is to say that God in his own way made the elements behave the way they do and had it all planned to evolve slowly so as not to have things go drastically wrong! Nobody ever said that God had a 24 hour clock that was a single day. But I do believe that the wonders of the universe are just that, Wonderful and Beautiful. And I also find it fascinating that we now have the knowledge and information to make such a simulation and have it be so Awesome to watch. Good work guys, And keep these things going. It’s the only way we can truly begin to understand the secrets of the universe!!!

  52. Bingaroo
    Easter Ahland
    May 8, 2014, 4:49 pm

    Good job closing your eyes to reality, Tolin.

  53. Non Skeptic
    Salem, VA
    May 8, 2014, 2:53 pm

    “… simulations match our observations so well…”

    No kidding. If you program the simulation using formulas based on your observation, it is likely to produce a result that matches your observations.”

    Loved the video and work going into same… but what a duh-wee moment that was.

  54. Raven D.
    Santa Cruz Ca.
    May 8, 2014, 2:51 pm

    Wait just one minute…Where’s Jesus riding a dinosaur, and the arc leaving the unicorns behind , and I think this was only supposed to take six days…have we been misinformed?!?!?!?

  55. Justin Tolin
    May 8, 2014, 2:36 pm

    Evolution and the ” big bang theory” are an hypothesis, which is another word for a guess, So, why are you treating these as fact!

  56. Justin Tolin
    May 8, 2014, 2:33 pm

    Parts of this simulation are false. The universe did not come from a “big bang,” if there was a big bang and nothing existed, how did the explosion start and why aren’t the galaxies, planets, and stars still moving away from each other since resistance does not exist in space,and the universe is not billions of years old. This is how you prove it. The Bible says in Genesis 1:1,” In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” That is the very first verse in the Bible. This verse is true because if you look at the world today, through chemistry and just observation, everything is just too complex and too In order, such as how everything is made for it’s specific needs, to have come by mere chance and circumstance. The world did not evolve because if it did why don’t we see mutations today. The world is not billions of years old; it isn’t even ten thousand years old. The rate at which the Earth is rotating is getting slower, though it is very, very slow. If you were to back track from now to thousands of years ago, you would find that even ten thousand years ago the rotation of Earth would be so great that the continents would be squished at the equator because of centripetal* force. *I think that is the right word. God made the Earth with everything we see today, except for known species that have gone extinct including dinosaurs which died right after the Flood because of drastic climate changes and lack of proper food, and He made everything just right.

  57. Kelly Tripuka
    May 8, 2014, 2:33 pm

    This is awesome. I hope the Oculus Rift technology can be used in tandem with this at some point so we can travel through our known universe. I can’t help but think that this looks like a portion of a growing organisim of some sort when viewed at distance like this video does. That is just my opinion.

  58. MaxMil
    May 8, 2014, 2:29 pm

    It is exciting, how we are progressing towards a T.O.E.!

  59. David J.
    San Diego
    May 8, 2014, 2:26 pm

    Since noone was there (except God and His angels) when all this went down, I will put this in the same catagory as watching Planet of the Apes.

  60. Miguel Torres
    Denton, TX
    May 8, 2014, 2:24 pm

    Given the size of the human brain and the infinite size and complexities of the Universe, one must stand in awe before the intellectual capacities of a tiny fraction of our race that has been able to figure out so much about the Cosmos. It’s almost like a few microscopic bacteria being able to figure out the physical complexities of the earth and the workings of the human mind.